https://learn.compactappliance.com › Lifestyle › ListsMay 15, 2015 - Class B.
This class is often referred to as the camper van, and it includes many of the smaller vehicles that barely even qualify to be considered motorhomes.
They are typically built on a standard full-sized van chassis and feature a raised roof to facilitate walking upright.
RVtravel.com editor Chuck Woodbury explains the differences to aspiring RV enthusiasts between the several types of recreational vehicles -- motorhomes, travel trailers, fifth wheel trailers, pop ups and truck campers. http://www.RVtravel.com
Class A motorhome - Constructed on either a commercial truckchassis, a specially designed motor vehicle chassis, or a commercial bus chassis, a Class A motorhome resembles a bus in design and has a flat or vertical front end and large windows. In 1989, the addition of slideouts dramatically changed the industry because they allow a wider living area, provided that the vehicle remains completely stationary during their extension outwards.
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In the United States and Canada, class B motorhomes are built on several different chassis depending on the motorhome manufacturer and engine design aims. Common chassis include the Mercedes Benz Sprinter diesel, the Dodge Ram Promaster gas, the Chevrolet Express gas, and the Ford Transit gas and diesel.
4Class C motorhome - A Class C motorhome is built upon a minimal truck platform with a forward engine and transmission connected by driveshaft to a rear axle that propels dual-mounted rear wheels.
Class C motorhomes are typically powered by gasoline (petrol) engines, although some have been converted to run on propane (autogas) while others use diesels.
The original chassis is equipped from the truck factory to the coach builder with an attached forward cab section that is van or conventional truck based (known as a cutawaychassis).
In North America, the Ford E350 or E450 chassis are the most typical in the 21st century, while in prior times theDodge/Ram and Chevrolet/GMC chassis were also used. Some smaller micro motorhomes were produced on Nisaan and Toyota platforms from 1972-1994, toyota motorhomes continue to have a strong following. Some very large Class C motorhomes are based on even larger truck platforms, such as the Ford F650 and Freightliner XC chassis. In Europe, Ford and Fiat manufacture the majority of Class C motorhome chassis.
The rigid outer weatherproof superstructure of a Class C motorhome (attached onto the original cab and chassis) was typically constructed of a wooden frame covered by sheet metal, but in recent decades such materials as fibreglass, plastics, composites, and lightweight metals have become the norm. With the introduction of slideouts, the earlier design notion of increasing interior space by lengthening the entire motorhome (thus escalating the purchase price) gave way to new designs that offer increased width (albeit only possible in a completely stationary vehicle) while no longer requiring additional length.
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Class C motorhomes are characterized by a distinctive cab-over profile, containing either an upper sleeping area, a storage space, or a TV/entertainment section. In the UK, the cab-over is known as a Luton peak or Luton body. A Class C motorhome is equipped with a kitchen/dining area featuring a refrigerator/freezer, a propane range (sometimes with an oven), a microwave oven, and a table with seating. It also has a lavatory with bath/shower, and has one or more sleeping areas as well as additional seating towards the front. An air conditioner, a water heater, a furnace, and an outside canopy are usually included. Optional equipment available at additional expense typically includes a generator set and roof-mounted solar power panels.A sub-category of Class C motorhomes is the toy hauler, which combines a typical configuration with additional enclosed space aft dedicated to hauling dirt bikes, bicycles, ATVs or the like. Class C motorhomes often feature a towing hitch enabling the pulling of a light weight trailer such as for boats, or of a small car or truck. Class C motorhomes may also be referred to in some places as mini-motorhomes.5Truck camper - A truck camper is a living space unit that is temporarily mounted into the bed of a pickup truck and secured against any tipping or wobbling while the truck is in motion. Great care must be taken in matching the weight and center balance point of the truck camper with the capabilities of the pickup truck itself in order to maintain safe handling of the vehicle while driving.
11Park model (vacation/resort cottage) - This is a larger travel trailer — usually 35 to 45 feet long — that is not self-contained. It is designed for park camping only; and while it is easily moved from site to site as a normal trailer is, it is not capable of "dry camping" as it does not have any water storage tanks and must be used with hookups. Though designed to remain stationary for extended periods of time, park models differ from mobile homes in that they are usually still sporadically moved (often seasonally).
12Toterhome - An uncommon term indicating a motorhome built around a semi truck chassis (such as a Freightliner). This type of motor home allows the pulling of large and heavy trailers. The toterhome name has come to mean generally a heavy duty truck chassis with a small/medium living quarters and a deck on the back with a fifth wheel or gooseneck hitch. The toterhome has been primarily used by the racing and horse community to pull heavy trailers.
13Truck Conversion - The term "Truck Conversion" has generally come to mean a heavy duty truck (class 7/8 semi-truck) chassis with a lengthened frame and living quarters built on. Advantages of the Truck Conversion over a standard Class A are safety, ease of service/maintenance, and usually a much higher power-to-weight ratio since most semi-tractors are built to move a 80,000 pound combined weight. Disadvantage is that with the engine up front they are louder than when the engine is hidden in the back. Also tend to be smaller interior than an equivalent length Class A since the engine/cab area do not contribute to the living quarters. Truck Conversion motorhomes are most popular with the racing and horse community since they are often much better suited to pulling heavy trailers than most other classes of motorhomes.
RVtravel.com editor Chuck Woodbury discusses how a motorhome owner can enjoy the benefits of having a car along on a trip without the hassle and expense of towing one. Presented by RVtravel.com: Subscribe to this channel: http://youtube.com/rvtravel