The Seminole Tribe of Florida

The Seminole people are the descendents of the Creek people.

The diversity of the Tribe is reflected in the fact that its members spoke seven languages- Muscogee, Hitchiti, Koasati, Alabama, Natchez, Yuchi and Shawnee.

Seminole Nation of Florida

The early history of the Creek people in Florida is not well understood.

The first Creek speaking people, settled at Chocuchattee (Red House) near present day Brooksville, Florida. This was some time around 1760. They were also cattlemen.

The Seminole population in Florida remained fairly small, around 1200, By 1823 the native population had increased three or four fold by the newcomers.

This population of about five thousand was thrown together and subjected to the fiercest of all the wars.

For the next sixty years the small population of Seminoles would live on the fringes of society.

They made livings as hunters, guides and sometimes, curiosities for the tourists.

The reservation question divided the Florida native peoples into two camps.

  • One group would become known as the Miccosukee Tribe of Seminole Indians of Florida. The area provided a safe haven for people who held traditional views.
  • The second group took the offer of the reservation lands and began a new way to sustain the Seminole culture. They used the reservations as preservation areas in which to maintain the customs, language and self government of the Tribe.

Today,  the Seminole casinos support a growing infrastructure for the Seminole community’s health and welfare, public safety, education and other services.

The economic stability provided by gaming, combined with the cattle, citrus, and other business enterprises, has made the Seminole Tribe of Florida one of the most successful native business peoples in the United States today.

They employ more than 7,000 employees in their casinos, hotels and other enterprises and purchase more than $130.3 million in good and services yearly.


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